Riga to Reno: the origin of jeans

Answers for Globle, Chronogram, and Metazooa from Apr 8 - Apr 14

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  • A Chronogram update


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Riga to Reno: the origin of jeans

The creator of denim pants may have been Latvian-American, but the Canadian tuxedo wasn’t far behind. Image generated by DALL-E.

When anyone thinks of blue jeans, they think of Levi Strauss & Co. Since their debut in 1873, Levi’s have become the gold standard in denim trousers. However, very few people know the real origin story of America’s go to fashion statement. Some tell of a tale of a civil war veteran or a gold prospect inventing the first pair of Levi’s. In fact, the original template for these pants was created by a tailor from Latvia (Globle answer for April 8).

Like so many people seeking a better life, the Latvian Jewish tailor Jacob Davis reached New York in a ship’s steerage in 1854. After relocating to Reno, Nevada, Davis opened a tailor shop and one day stumbled upon a brilliant idea that would not only change his life but change the world of fashion forever. One day, a customer in his tailor shop asked him to create a pair of durable trousers for her husband. Davis experimented with duck cloth and discovered an ingenious approach to reinforcing the weak points in the seams and pockets—creating a unique copper rivet to strengthen the joins. The copper-riveted “blue jeans” were a hit.

Davis soon approached his textile supplier, Levi Strauss, to partner with him in mass producing the pants. In 1873, the two men received a U.S. patent for their "Improvement in Fastening Pocket-Openings." The rest, as they say, is history. In addition to the copper rivets, Levi’s added their trademark orange threaded seam to stand apart from competitors. The reinforced copper-riveted pants originally designed as strong pants for the working man have become synonymous with self-expression. The Levi’s brand is now a global leader in fashion and the dominant supplier of jeans worldwide, thanks to an immigrant from Latvia, Jacob Davis—the mystery man behind the “& Co.” that graces every pair.

Answers to last week's games

Monday, April 8 to Sunday, April 14.


  • Apr 8 Latvia

  • Apr 9 Afghanistan

  • Apr 10 Croatia

  • Apr 11 Eswatini

  • Apr 12 Syria

  • Apr 13 Luxembourg

  • Apr 14 Egypt

  • Apr 15 Play now!

Globle: Capitals

  • Apr 8 Yaounde

  • Apr 9 London

  • Apr 10 Caracas

  • Apr 11 Dushanbe

  • Apr 12 Khartoum

  • Apr 13 Kuwait City

  • Apr 14 Beirut

  • Apr 15 Play now!


  • #373 Caravaggio

  • #374 Ho Chi Minh

  • #375 Leonhard Euler

  • #376 Édouard Manet

  • #377 Martin Luther King Jr.

  • #378 Arthur Schopenhauer

  • #379 Antonín Dvořák

  • #380 Play now!


  • #141 Aureliano Buendia

  • #142 Elizabeth Bennett

  • #143 Miss Marple

  • #144 James Bond

  • #145 Janie Crawford

  • #146 Sherlock Holmes

  • #147 Lennie Small

  • #148 Play now!


  • #252 mussel

  • #253 rhinoceros

  • #254 kite

  • #255 black bear

  • #256 scorpion

  • #257 brain coral

  • #258 manta ray

  • #259 Play now!


  • #191 ricin

  • #192 touch-me-not

  • #193 cardamom

  • #194 cedar of lebanon

  • #195 cashew

  • #196 poppy

  • #197 chamomile

  • #198 Play now!


The following are the shortest paths from last week:

  • #56 light -> contrast -> versus -> despite -> though

  • #57 math -> law -> permit

  • #58 ring -> engagement -> commitment -> choice -> either -> nor

  • #59 exciting -> opening -> gaping -> mouth

  • #60 because -> causes -> sickness -> recovery -> restore

  • #61 please -> request -> add -> addition -> combination

  • #62 display -> manifestation -> spirit -> soul

  • #63 Play now!


"Breton Brother and Sister" by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Forgery of week, from April 10
80.3% accurate

Bouguereau, William-Adolphe. Breton Brother and Sister. 1871, oil paint on canvas, 129.2 x 89.2 cm. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. The Met, www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/435754.

Play Forgeous for April 15.

Chronogram Update

Dark mode is now available for Chronogram and Fictogram!

That’s all for this week. Thanks for reading!

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